Each year, thousands of older Americans fall at home.
Many of them are seriously injured and some are disabled.
Falls are often due to hazards that are easily fixed.
This checklist will help you spot common hazards and fix the problem.
Look at the floor in each room
Use a non-skid backing on all throw rugs to prevent slipping.
If there are cords,papers,books,or other objects on the floor, pick them up, and coil or tape cords so you don’t trip over them.
STAIRS & STEPS:
Look at inside & outside stairs
3. Fix loose or broken steps and make sure carpet is firmly attached to each tread.
Make sure there is an overhead light and a switch at the top and bottom of each stairway.
Fix loose handrails or install new ones on both sides of the stairway.
Look at all your bathrooms
Add a non-slip mat or self-stick strips on the floor of the tub or shower.
Install safety grab bars inside the tub and next to the toilet for support.
Look at all your bedrooms
Place a lamp one the side of the bed where it’s easy to reach.
Plug in an LED night light to light the path from your bed to the bathroom.
10. Keep a phone near the bed for emergencies.
OTHER THINGS YOU CAN DO TO PREVENT FALLS
Use a step stool with a top grab- bar, never a chair, to reach items in upper cabinets.
Exercise regularly, even if it’s only a daily 20-minute walk, to maintain your strength and improve your balance.
Put in brighter light bulbs. LED bulbs are bright and cost much less to use.
Have your pharmacist check all your medications, as some can make you dizzy.
Poor vision can increase your risk of falling. Have your vision checked once a year by an eye doctor.
Wear shoes both inside and outside the house to avoid slipping and falling.